I have linked to this article from my Fact Checking Neil deGrasse Tyson blog post.

]]>The explanation for why the universe is as it is is purely explained in naturalism and no matter how far back we go (we’re currently at pre-big bag cosmology even, while Craigs Kalam argument starts at the big bang as it relies/relied on the BGV theorem) we’ve always been able to explain everything by using naturalist explanations. Everytime we’re stuck, theists come and point to god, but then the scientist work it out and god gets pushed to the back until we find a new obstacle. This has never changed since even before the time of Galileo. ]]>

1) We evaluate the Bayesian fine-tuning argument, which claims that there is an astronomically small chance P(I) that life emerged intranaturalistically.

2a) We observe that life emerged intranaturalistically: P(I) = 1. (begging the question = circular reasoning)

2b) We observe that life emerged: P(L) = 1. (ambiguity = two definitions of life friendly)

3) Bayesian theory: P(I|L) differs from P(L|I) in general. (obfuscation = irrelevant theory)

4) We conclude through Bayesian reasoning that P(I) can be very close to 1. (only valid for 2a)

5) The smaller P(I) is claimed to be, the more the fine-tuning argument is faulty.

It is good to know that the argument via 2a is valid, but not sound, because 2a is simply false.

Best regards,

Ward Blondé

It is he that sitteth upon the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; that stretcheth out the heavens AS A CURTAIN, and spreadeth them out AS A TENT to dwell in:

HOW DO YOU SPREAD A TENT OR A CURTAIN OVER A BALL? The Earth is flat n many verses confirm it. One guy took scriptures and showed what it looked like n what the words implied. Think of a signature ring the King’s wore n thepy pressed it into wax. The ring “circle” was smashed down n bringing up the sides which is the waters around us to hold us in. Why else would God tell us that he put the stars, moon & sun IN the Firmament? Because it’s flat, round and covered like a dome. NASA is part of the Luciferian System. Deception

Look up many videos on how the built a movie studio at Disney (Illuminate Bloodline). Pictures NASA show of Earth are paintings that have changed… Why would God want a big Ball for his footstool? How could God looked down yo see everyone on a big Ball? If you know the Deception and our Fake Jesuit History books you’ll know that we have been lied to our whole lives. The Satanists go Against Everything God tells us. Weren’t we told in history class we come from Apes? That the Dinosaurs where here millions yes ago when Book of Job God tells him he created Leviathan & Behemoth we he created us. Did God say astroids wiped out the Earth or Ice Age? No, he flooded twice. Twice being that he flooded a 1/3 of it before Noah or it could be after I think n that’s where the city of Atlantis is.. look up all the ancient Cities being found in the Ocean n what’s in Antarctica?

Pray on it and ask God for guidance to seek the truth n do your own research. ]]>

Regarding calculus, Eudoxus was achieving better approximations chopping things into smaller bits more than a thousand years before Newton or Leibniz.

I believe the truly ground breaking development was the invention of analytic geometry by Fermat and Descartes. Otherwise known as graph paper with an x and y axis. This wedded geometry and algebra. Geometrical objects like a circle could now be examined in the form of equations. For example x^2 + y^2 =1 describes a circle when plotted on graph paper.

Given this new tool it was only a matter of time before Eudoxus like methods were used to find the slope of a curve of a curve. Which is what Fermat did. Newton credits Fermat’s drawing of tangents to a curve for helping him examine rates of change.

Cavalieri’s summing slices was some beautiful geometry. Cavalieri’s quadrature formula:

Integral of x^n dx = 1/(n+1) * x^(n+1). The foundations of integral calculus also preceded Newton and Leibniz.

Isaac Barrow was one of Newton’s teachers. Barrow had done a lot of work on Infinitesmals.

The work of Fermat, Barrow, Cavalieri and others preceded Newton and Leibniz. In my opinion Newton’s discoveries were inevitable after Fermat had done the heavy lifting and opened new doors. That Newton and Leibniz made similar discoveries at the same time supports this notion.

Sure, Newton deserves credit for his contributions. But the claim that Newton invented calculus in two months is an absurd over simplification.

And Tyson uses this over simplification to support his argument. At some point he says something like someone who invented a whole branch of mathematics in two months could have easily developed perturbation theory.

]]>Even many scientists are ignorant that the origin of empirical science is rooted exactly in philosophy (in fact, science was once known as natural philosophy).

Somewhat ironic that even geniuses like Stephen Hawking mused that ‘Philosophy is dead.’ No doubt he will fool those who want to be fooled, starting with himself.

]]>But I’m disappointed you haven’t challenged Tyson’s assertion that Newton invented calculus on a dare in two months. Fermat, Cavalieri, Barrow and others had laid the foundations before Newton came along. Building this branch of mathematics was the collaborative effort of many people over many years.

Sure, Newton contributed to this effort. But to call him the inventor of calculus is silly. To say Newton invented calculus in two months is ridiculous.

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